Alopecia is a medical term for badness. There are many type of alopecia including alopecia areata. Alopecia areata is a skin disease that causes hair loss. It normally affects the scalp. Alopecia areata generally causes one or more patches of hair loss. Both men and women are affected by alopecia areata. This skin condition is rarely associated with any other external or internal medical problems. Most often these bald areas tend to spontaneously regrow hair. While alopecia areata rarely develops before the age of three, it is thought to be hereditary.
There isn’t an actual cause for alopecia areata. Current evidence suggests that abnormality in the immune system can cause alopecia areata. It is believed that the person’s genetic makeup may trigger the autoimmune reaction of alopecia areata, along with other unknown triggers. Alopecia areata is sometimes associated with other autoimmune conditions such as allergic disorders, thyroid disease, vitiligo, lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, and ulcerative colitis. The diagnosis or treatment of these diseases is unlikely to affect the course of alopecia areata. Sometimes, alopecia areata occurs within family members, suggesting a role of genes.
Hair loss is usually the symptom for alopecia areata. A few people may also feel a burning sensation or itching. Symptoms of alopecia areata begins as one to two patches of hair loss. Hair loss is most often seen on the scalp. It may also occur in the beard, eyebrows, and arms or legs in some people. Patches where hair has fallen out are smooth and round in shape. They may be peach-colored. Hairs that look like exclamation points are sometimes seen at the edges of a bald patch.
While alopecia areata is incurable, there are treatments available to regain hair growth. In many cases, alopecia areata is treated with drugs that are used for other conditions. Drugs that are used for alopecia areata with varying degrees of effectiveness include medications used to treat psoriasis and topical sensitizers. Cortisone injection can help with hair regrowth as well.
Aside from drug treatments, there are various cosmetic and protective techniques that can be used on people suffering from alopecia areata. For instance, makeup can minimize and even hide hair loss. Wearing head coverings can protect your head from elements. While there is no scientific proof for the causes of alopecia areata, stress can be a contributing factor to hair loss. Therefore, it may behoove the individual to apply relaxing techniques to reduce his/her stress level.
Even though alopecia areata is not a critical medical disease, it can have a psychological and emotional impact on people. There are supports groups available to help people with alopecia areata cope with the psychological effects of the condition.