Hand dermatitis or hand eczema is a non-contagious type of eczema developing on the hands. This skin disease affects approximately 10% of the American population and can be caused by irritating substances or genetics. This disorder generally affects people working as hairdresser, caterers, mechanics, and cleaners or in health care industry, who come in contact with various irritants or chemicals.
The primary cause of eczema is unclear; however, the most commonly found cause of hand eczema includes:
- Irritant Contact Dermatitis
One of the most common causes of hand dermatitis is irritants. Regular exposure to various irritants such as lubricants, water, coolant, soaps, food particles, degreasers, food products and plastics can cause this disorder.
- Allergic Contact Dermatitis
There are various common allergies that can cause a person to acquire this disease. Some people who are allergic to nickel, certain preservatives or food items can acquire hand eczema. This is also believed to be an occupation related disease as people working with organic dye, plastic, rubber, plants or resins can have this disease.
- Atopic Dermatitis
Children are often affected by atopic dermatitis which concerns a small portion of the skin. The skin in the affected area gets itchy however, it can be treated by moisturizing the area.
Treatments for Hand Dermatitis are performed by Dr. Kling for patients in Manhattan, Brooklyn and throughout the New York City area.
Hand Eczema Symptoms
All type of eczema causes redness, itchiness, and hardened skin, but, hand eczema looks slightly different. Some symptoms that you may experience while suffering from this disease include:
- Dryness to the point of flaking
- Irritation between the fingers
- Burning sensation
Diagnosis of Hand Eczema
If not diagnosed on time, hand eczema can turn into chronic disease. It disables a person’s ability to perform different tasks. It may also cause emotional discomfort. Therefore, it is important to get tests done at the first instance of eczema.
- Patch Test
Patients suffering from chronic hand dermatitis should get a patch test done. During this test, the allergic patches are applied to the back o the patient’s hand. This test is also recommended for those who have seen the symptoms returning after stopping the medication.
How to Control Hand Eczema?
An important step of treatment, skin protection should not be missed by the patients. By making certain lifestyle and self-care modifications, people can quickly treat themselves.
- Gentle Cleansing
Using gentle hand cleanser that is free of fragrances and irritating ingredients is the best way to avoid this skin disease.
Regularly moisturizing your hands with petroleum jelly is a great way to treat hand eczema. You can also apply a rich moisturizer to your hands after bathing or washing hands to lock in the moisture.
- Lifestyle Modifications
Making certain changes in your lifestyle can help you treat the condition with ease. Here are few things to keep in mind.
- Avoid wet-work and excessive washing of hands
- Take off your rings before washing hands
- Avoid scratching the cracked area on skin
- Protect your hands using cotton gloves
- Reducing stress may also proves beneficial
- Minimize contact with raw meat
- Use emollients frequently
- Use prescribed lubricants and medicines