Everyone injures themselves at some time or another. A medium to sever injury would likely damage the skin and may require further surgical procedures to correct any complications. As the skin heals it will form a scar as part of the healing process. You might notice that the scars you have in these places are flat and they don’t continue beyond the damage that the body received when the incident or surgery occurred. That’s a healthy scar. These scars can gradually subside and fade and may take up to a year for them to become part of the surrounding skin. There are treatments that can be applied to the scared area to speed up this process. Keloids are a very different story.
Keloids scars are seen as scars that do not stop growing. A Keloid scar is a distinctive growth that grows as a collection of skin on and around a scar or a place that is in the process of healing. Keloids don’t have a regular shape and grows beyond the damaged area, affecting the surrounding skin. Keloids are very persistent and don’t settle like healthier scarring. In extreme cases they can cover large areas of skin. In cases where the Keloids disfigure or become irritating to the patient a cause of treatment can help control or remove the keloids.
Why Do They Occur
It’s amazing the skin knows where to grow and medicine and science in general have looked to understand how this occurs and develops. There are indicators in the skin that do tell the skin what is should do. Even with that understanding we are not sure why the skin then develops into keloids. What seems probable is that somehow changes in the cellular signals occur causing the skin to grow in an unnatural way. There are many unanswered questions related to the skin growth characteristics. There seems no general rules that science can be lead by. You can have two ears pierced and only one of them will be affected by a keloid. There may be genetics involved since you do find them prevalent amongst family members.
Keloids do not distinguish between men and women. There is a slightly greater propensity for woman to get keloids, primarily because they piercing a greater amount compared to men. Beyond injury, keloid occurs due to piercings or similar body modifications. The elderly and children are less likely to experience these growths. Interestingly those with darker skin also see these skin characteristics to a greater degree compared to Caucasians. Why there should be these differences amongst these groups the scientific community really is unsure.
Cortisone injections are painless injections that can successfully flatten and reduce the keloids scar.Since the injection cause red blood cells to develop in the area, there is a possibility for the injections to redden the scarring.
Some opt for surgery that can remove the keloids, clearing the area. There is a risk that the keloids will return in greater severity after the procedure. Some solve this with tight bandages and radiation post surgery.
Laser can produce similar results like the injections, successfully flattening the scarring and reducing the redness in the areas.The painless procedure requiring repetition to achieve successful results.
Radiation has proven successful in occasions reported by doctors who have seen positive results.